Sunday, May 1, 2011

IB Chemistry, IB Biology on Isotopes, Radioactive Isotopes and Nuclear Energy

IB Chemistry, Biology and Physics on Isotopes, Radioactive Isotopes and Nuclear Energy 


Isotopes Vs Allotropes

  • Allotropes are atoms of same element in different arrangement.
  • Allotropes for Oxygen are O2, O3 and O4 
  • Allotropes for Carbon are diamond, graphite and fullerenes.
Isotopes are atoms of the same element with different number of neutrons.
Isotopes of Hydrogen, Uranium and Iodine in Nuclear Energy


picture taken from
http://coldfusionnow.wordpress.com/2011/02/13/nuclear-basics-for-understanding-lenr/
Keywords are
  • Isotopes that are unstable and emit radiation are called radioactive isotopes
  • Hydrogen has one radioactive isotope, Tritium
  • Isotopes have different physical properties. Heavy water Deuterium (D2O) Vs Light water (H2O)

Video on Hydrogen Isotopes, Heavy and Light Water 

Questions..................
Why Heavy water ( Deuterium oxide) was used for Nuclear Fission, World War II, the Allies destroyed a German plant production in Norway which is believed to be producing heavy water.


Percentages isotopes abundance are shown below
Deuterium and Tritium are so rare. 


How is Deuterium and Tritium produced ?


Why use Deuterium/Tritium for nuclear reaction?







picture taken from
Check out Isotopes for Chlorine  Bromine Carbon  Cobalt Are they radioactive? 
Click HERE to find out the number of isotopes for iodine and its medical uses


Iodine has got about 30 radioacitve isotopes and only one isotope is stable and found in lab.
Which radioisotopes are released during Japan Nuclear Disaster.....
Which iodine isotope is used for thyroid cancer treatment......
Why consume iodide pills during Nuclear Disaster.......




Chemistry involved in Nuclear reaction

Chemistry in Nuclear Production........
  • How Hydrogen gas is produced
  • Why Boron is used in nuclear rod
  • What is Zirconium and what is its function
  • What are the radioactive isotopes for uranuim and plutonium 
  • What is the function of neutron and how it start a Nuclear Fission
  • Why bombard Uranium with a neutron to start a Nuclear Fission

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Nuclear Fission Vs Nuclear Fusion

Nuclear plant uses Nuclear fission with uranium or plutonium as ingredient
Video on Nuclear Fission to produced Nuclear Energy
All Nuclear Plant are using Nuclear Fission.
  • Produces Nuclear Waste and radioactive isotopes are released
  • Spent rod and fuel will have to be safely dispose
  • Fear of a Nuclear Meltdown and involves Radioactive Ingredients
Nuclear Fusion is the energy of the future.......
Nuclear fusion, creating a Sun in the Lab to power the entire earth and it involves
Hydrogen isotopes, Deuterium, Tritium, Neutron, Helium 
picture taken from
http://www.worsleyschool.net/science/files/fusion/nuclearfusion.html

Click HERE to know more about Nuclear Fusion
Keywords for Nuclear Fusion
  • Creating a Sun in a Lab to generate clean energy
  • Involves fusion between the nuclei of Deuterium and Tritium ( Hydrogen Isotopes )
  • No radioactive waste generated, only Helium which is harmless gas produced
  • Involves High Temperature (Plasma), 200,000,000C ( 10X hotter than the Sun's core )
  • Uses Tokamak and will be operating in 2018
  • Clean Energy as water is the starting ingredient
  • 10 Billion euros investment to make it a reality
  • France is the place
......................................................................................................................................................

France gets nuclear fusion plant ........BBC News
Janez Potocnik, EU commissioner for science and research holds the agreement signed at Moscow's President Hotel on 28 June 2005
Commissioner Potocnik attended the meeting in Moscow
France will get to host the project to build a 10bn-euro (£6.6bn) nuclear fusion reactor, in the face of strong competition from Japan.The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (Iter) will be the most expensive joint scientific project after the International Space Station.

Click HERE to get into ITER
......................................................................................................................................................
Nuclear Fusion will power Earth on 2018
Nuclear Fusion is Clean Energy for the Future
No Radioactive Waste......................
No Greenhouse Gas (CO2) released................
End our Energy Crisis forever .................


..........................................Time will tell if this is the energy for the future............................
Click HERE to continue













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